The Hereford Mappa Mundi PDF Download

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The Mappae Mundi of Medieval Iceland PDF Download

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Mappa Mundi PDF Download

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Mappa Mundi

Mappa Mundi PDF Download

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Mappa Mundi

Logistics of Warfare in the Age of the Crusades PDF Download

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Maps and Monsters in Medieval England PDF Download

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The Art of Matthew Paris in the Chronica Majora PDF Download

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The Post-Historical Middle Ages PDF Download

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Implicit Understandings PDF Download

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Eastward Bound PDF Download

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Handbook on Trade Policy and Climate Change

Handbook on Trade Policy and Climate Change PDF Author: Michael Jakob
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781839103230
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 368

Book Description
This insightful Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of the most recent developments in the academic debate on the numerous and complex linkages between international trade and climate change. Adopting a broad interdisciplinary approach, it brings together perspectives from scholars in economics, political science and legal studies to confront the critical environmental challenges posed by globalization. Initial chapters provide an overview of the key debates related to international trade and climate policy, engaging with empirical data from the US and China to assess the impact of new trade initiatives and policy on greenhouse gas emissions, carbon leakage and the increase of trade in carbon-intensive products. Contributors propose policy options that align international trade with climate change mitigation and address crucial legal and practical implications, including the implementation of Border Carbon Adjustments and international trade disputes. Offering critical and empirically-based perspectives on the future of international trade policy, this timely Handbook is crucial reading for scholars, researchers and graduate students in political science, public policy and climate research. Policymakers will also benefit from its unique and insightful policy recommendations.

Climate and Trade Policy

Climate and Trade Policy PDF Author: Carlo Carraro
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781847205278
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 142

Book Description
The difficulty of achieving and implementing a global climate change agreement has stimulated a wide range of policy proposals designed to favour the participation of a large number of countries in a global cooperative effort to control greenhouse gas emissions. This significant book analyses the viability of controlling climate change through a set of regional or sub-global climate agreements rather than via a global treaty. The authors argue that the principal challenge in devising a truly global architecture is in providing sufficient incentives for all party participation whilst also ensuring compliance, which raises global governance issues. The main purpose of this study is not to trace in detail the process of negotiation and implementation of international regimes, but rather to evaluate whether a series of regional or sub-global agreements is more likely to achieve climate change control than a global agreement attempted from the outset. From a political science perspective, the focus centres on institution building and governance. From an economic perspective it concentrates on incentives used to encourage participation in a global and non-fragmented agreement. Lessons from EU integration and actual global and regional trade agreements are employed in order to analyse the future prospects of climate change negotiations. The focus on climate change and more generally the management of environmental and resource problems will make this book essential reading for participants, observers and analysts of the public policy process as it concerns climate change and more generally the management of environmental and resource problems. In addition the rich combination of international relations theory and economic literature with findings from the policy process will appeal to both general readers and the academic community.

International Trade Policies and Climate Change Governance

International Trade Policies and Climate Change Governance PDF Author: P.K. Rao
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642252516
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 58

Book Description
This work offers a synthesis of the current approaches toward an integration of international trade and climate change, with a view to fostering potential improvements in policies and institutions affecting these. A number of pragmatic measures are proposed with reference to the WTO and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) regimes, which are expected to contribute toward enhanced climate change governance, as well as promoting international trade.

Climate Change Policy and Global Trade

Climate Change Policy and Global Trade PDF Author: Christoph Böhringer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783790801712
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 396

Book Description
This book synthesises several studies on the potential global impacts of two fundamental international policy initiatives: (i) multilateral agreements on climate protection strategies and (ii) trade agreements towards global trade liberalisation. Although these initiatives are not directly linked, they interrelate in subtle, yet important ways. Based on theoretical analyses and numerical simulations, the book provides guidelines on efficient strategies for climate change mitigation, implementing the framework of the Kyoto Protocol and the provided flexibility instruments, hereby accounting for interrelationships with existing and possible trade agreements on various levels. The analyses incorporate important real-world features, such as imperfect market structures, trade liberalisation settings, risk or transaction costs, that may substantially influence the magnitude and even the sign of policy impacts.

International Trade and Climate Change Policies

International Trade and Climate Change Policies PDF Author: Duncan Brack
Publisher: Royal Inst of International Affairs
ISBN:
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 180

Book Description
Brack examines the implications of climate change policy measures for international trade: energy efficiency standards for traded goods; carbon/energy taxes, including international taxation of bunker fuels; and the potential use of trade measures in the climate change protocol.

Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies

Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies PDF Author: Mr.Michael Keen
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1475552947
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 26

Book Description
This paper explores the role of trade instruments in globally efficient climate policies, focusing on the central issue of whether some form of border tax adjustment (BTA) is warranted when carbon prices differ internationally. It shows that tariff policy has a role in easing cross-country distributional concerns that can make non-uniform carbon pricing efficient and, more particularly, that Pareto-efficiency requires a form of BTA when carbon taxes in some countries are constrained, a special case being identified in which this has the simple structure envisaged in practical policy discusions. It also stresses—a point that has been overlooked in the policy debate—that the efficiency case for BTA depends critically on whether climate policies are pursued by carbon taxation or by cap-and-trade.

The Impact of Trade and Trade Policy on the Environment and the Climate

The Impact of Trade and Trade Policy on the Environment and the Climate PDF Author: Gabriel Felbermayr
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 0

Book Description
While international trade can offer gains from specialization and access to a wider range of products, it is also closely interlinked with global environmental problems, above all, anthropogenic climate change. This survey provides a structured overview of the economic literature on the interaction between environmental outcomes, trade, environmental policy and trade policy. In this endeavor, it covers approaches reaching from descriptive data analysis based on Input-Output tables, over quantitative trade models and econometric studies to game-theoretic analyses. Addressed issues are in particular the emission content of trade and emissions along value chains, the relocation of dirty firms and environmental impacts abroad, impacts of specific trade polices (such as trade agreements or tariffs) or environmental policy (such as Border Carbon Adjustment), transportation emissions, as well as the role of firms. Across the different topics covered, the paper also tries to identify avenues for future research, with a particular focus on extending quantitative trade and environment models.

Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies

Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies PDF Author: Mr. Michael Keen
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1475520468
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 26

Book Description
This paper explores the role of trade instruments in globally efficient climate policies, focusing on the central issue of whether some form of border tax adjustment (BTA) is warranted when carbon prices differ internationally. It shows that tariff policy has a role in easing cross-country distributional concerns that can make non-uniform carbon pricing efficient and, more particularly, that Pareto-efficiency requires a form of BTA when carbon taxes in some countries are constrained, a special case being identified in which this has the simple structure envisaged in practical policy discusions. It also stresses—a point that has been overlooked in the policy debate—that the efficiency case for BTA depends critically on whether climate policies are pursued by carbon taxation or by cap-and-trade.

Rethinking trade rules to achieve a more climate resilient agriculture

Rethinking trade rules to achieve a more climate resilient agriculture PDF Author: Glauber, Joseph
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN:
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 23

Book Description
Recent attention has focused on "repurposing" and redirecting agricultural support programs towards achieving environmental, climate and nutritional outcomes. Under these proposals, typically equivalent levels of subsidies and other forms of government support would be focused on the reducing GHG emissions, environmental externalities and other broader public policy objectives such as improving nutrition. But questions arise as to whether new support programs would necessarily be consistent with WTO disciplines. This paper examines various measures aimed at reducing GHG emissions including imposition of carbon standards and taxes, border measures to reduce slippage, and so-called "Climate Smart" domestic support measures and considers how such measures comport with WTO trade rules.

The European Union as a Global Actor

The European Union as a Global Actor PDF Author: Susanne Lütz
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 303076673X
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 218

Book Description
This book focuses on the European Union as an important actor in international relations and international political economy. The EU negotiates international economic agreements, represents Europe in international organizations, and is a major trading bloc and currency area. To what extent and under what conditions the EU can use its considerable economic power to assert its interests in the international arena is a relevant question for students, researchers and practitioners alike. To explore this question, the textbook introduces the concept of “actorness” and presents an overview of the actorness debate and theories used to explain actorness. In addition, it includes three empirical chapters on trade, finance and climate policy that apply various concepts and theories to study European actorness in the respective policy areas.